Blood Sugar Level Chart
|On Waking Up (fasting)||70-130 mg/dL (5.0–7.2 mmol/L)|
|Before Meals||70-130 mg/dL (5.0–7.2 mmol/L)|
|2 Hours After Eating||100-140 mg/dL (5.6-7.8 mmol/L)|
|Before Bed Time||100-140 mg/dL (5.6-7.8 mmol/L)|
*Remember that low blood sugar levels can be just as dangerous as a high blood sugar level. If your blood sugar dips below 60 mg/dL, take steps recommended by your doctor to bring it back under control.
Your doctor uses one or more of these tests to diagnose diabetes:
The chart below shows the normal, pre-diabetic, diabetic, and dangerous ranges for these three tests and the HbA1c test.
If you think you have diabetes, talk to your doctor about getting tested. If you've already had one of these tests, check your results on this chart.
|Random/Casual Plasma Glucose Test||-||-||>200||>11.1||-|
|Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) Test||<100||<5.6||100-125||5.6-6.9||>125||>6.9||>150||>8.3|
|Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGGT)||<140||<7.8||140-199||7.8-11.1||>200||>11.1||>250||>13.9|
During pregnancy - around week 24 - your care giver will use the Oral Glucose Tolerance test to screen for gestational diabetes. Many care givers have a Random/Casual Plasma Glucose test or a Fasting Plasma Glucose test done first and then the Oral Glucose Tolerance test if you fail the first one.
This chart shows the targets for the Oral Glucose Tolerance test. If you are above the normal range two or more times during the test, you have gestational diabetes.
|Before Sugar Drink (fasting)||<95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L)|
|1 Hour After Sugar Drink||<180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L)|
|2 Hours After||<155 mg/dL (8.6 mmol/L)|
|3 Hours After||<140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L)|
If you have gestational diabetes, use this chart when monitoring your blood sugar.
|Before Eating||<95 mg/dl (5.3 mmol/l)|
|1 Hour After Eating||<140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/l)|
|2 Hours After Eating||<120 mg/dl (6.7 mmol/l)|
To convert mg/dL to mmol/L, divide by 18. To convert mmol/l to mg/dl, multiply by 18. Here's a quick reference chart for your convenience.
Using Estimated Average Glucose (eAG), you can think of your HbA1c test results in more familiar terms, either mg/dL or mmol/L.
In case you're interested, here are the formulas to convert A1c to eAG:
If not, here's a quick reference chart for your convenience.
To help you keep track of your blood sugar levels, here's a free blood sugar log from the American Diabetes Association.
Also, you can track your numbers online through a free service called Diabetes 24/7.
Your blood sugar meter should have a memory feature that keeps track of your blood sugar results for you automatically. With most, you can also download your data directly to your computer to help you analyze results and spot trends.
If you need a new blood sugar meter, don't pay for it! Glucometer manufacturers make their money off the test strips, so they often give the meters away for free.
If you have insurance, call them first to see which glucometers/strips they cover.
Go to the manufacturer's website or call their customer service number, and ask if they have any free offers.
Ask your doctor or pharmacy if they have any free meters. Manufacturers often give medical professionals free meters to hand out to their patients.
If your blood sugar tends to be outside the normal range blood sugar levels, you likely are insulin resistant and on your way to (or already have) diabetes.
Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes are completely preventable and reversible. Controlling your blood sugar takes diligence, but it is possible. Take these steps to start lowering your blood sugar today:
Choose foods that lower blood sugar like cinnamon, avocados, vegetables, nuts, and seeds (especially chia seeds). Eat fermented foods to get your probiotics and increase the good bacteria in your gut.
As you get stronger, add some cardio. High intensity interval training works best.
Round out your exercise program with a stretching routine, like yoga, to increase flexibility and reduce stress.
Strive to keep your blood sugar in the normal range on the blood sugar level chart the majority of the time to prevent (or reverse) insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A healthy blood sugar level can also help prevent
Each blood sugar level chart compiled using information provided by the American Diabetes Association.
Healthy Eating › Blood Sugar Level Charts